August 2, 2021

History of December 19: what events happened?

1863: In Mortlake (a London borough), the first football game in history is played. The history of football is considered from 1863, the year of founding of The Football Association, although its origins, like other football codes, go back several centuries in the past, particularly in the British Isles during the Middle Ages Although there were points in common between different ball games that were developed from the 3rd century BC. The first British codes that gave rise to football were characterized by low organization and extreme violence. Another similar sport was Calcio Florentino, a very popular team sport in Italy that had an impact on the codes of some British schools. football’s final formation had its climax during the nineteenth century. In 1848 representatives of different English schools met at the University of Cambridge to create the Cambridge code, which would function as the basis for the creation of the modern football regulations.Finally, in 1863 in the city of London the first match of football. Since then, soccer has grown steadily, becoming the most popular sport in the world with some 270 million people involved.

1909: The football club Ballspielverein Borussia 09 Dortmund is founded in Dortmund (Germany).

1932: The BBC world service begins broadcasting for the entire British Empire.

1941: In Germany – in the framework of World War II – Adolf Hitler assumes the supreme command of the German armed forces.

1983: In Rio de Janeiro, the original “Jules Rimet” trophy (from the FIFA World Cup) is stolen from the Brazilian Football Confederation.

1984: By agreement, Great Britain agrees to hand over Hong Kong to China in 1997.

1997: The movie Titanic is released.

1998: In the United States, the House of Representatives presents Articles I and III to the Senate in the trial of President Bill Clinton for the Lewinsky scandal.

Births:

1683: Felipe V, King of Spain (d. 1746).

1875: Mileva Marić, Serbian mathematician, wife of Albert Einstein (f. 1948).

1906: Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet leader (d. 1982).

1915: Edith Piaf, French singer (b. 1963).

1941: Maurice White, American singer-songwriter, of the band Earth, Wind & Fire.

1942: María Martha Serra Lima, Argentine singer (d. 2017).

1944: Alvin Lee, British singer and guitarist, of the band Ten Years After.

1946: Robert Urich, actor estadounidense (f. 2002).

1963: Jennifer Beals, American actress.

1972: Alyssa Milano, American actress.

1987: Karim Benzema, French footballer. He was born in Lyon, Rhone-Alpes, France. He is a French footballer of Algerian descent. He has played as a forward for Real Madrid Club de Fútbol of the First Division of Spain since the 2009-10 season. The French player began his sporting career in the youth ranks at Olympique Lyonnais and made his first team debut in 2004. In his five seasons at the French club, he played 112 league games and scored 43 goals. In the 2007-08 season, Benzema became the top scorer in Ligue 1 with 20 goals, which also earned him the Player of the Year award in the French league. After finishing that season, the French footballer signed for Real Madrid Club de Fútbol. On July 1, 2009, the signing of the footballer by Real Madrid was made official, which paid Olympique Lyonnais 35 million euros. Recently named the best French player of 2011, Benzema has received multiple recognitions for his enormous football quality, being chosen as the best French footballer in 2011 and 2012. Nominated seven times for the Ballon d’Or, he has been among the finalists in four editions and boasts one of the best scoring averages in the UEFA Champions League. On April 12, 2014, he became the French player with the most official matches for Real Madrid (228).

1988: Alexis Sánchez, Chilean soccer player.

Deaths:

1848: Emily Brontë, British writer (b.1818).

1915: Alois Alzheimer, German neurologist (b. 1864).

1924: Luis Emilio Recabarren, Chilean politician (b. 1876).

1996: Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor. Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastrojanni was born in Fontana Liri, on September 28, 1924 – he died in Paris. Better known as Marcello Mastroianni, he was an Italian actor. His most prominent films include La Dolce Vita, 8½, La Notte, Italian Divorce, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Italian Style Marriage, The 10th Victim, A Special Day, City of Women, Henry IV, Black Eyes and Stanno tutti bene. His honors include the British Film Academy Awards, the Best Actor Awards at the Cannes Film Festival, and two Golden Globe Awards. Mastroianni, Dean Stockwell and Jack Lemmon are the only actors to be awarded twice for best actor at the Cannes Festival; Mastroianni won it in 1970 for The Pizza Triangle and in 1987 for Dark Eyes. He died in Paris of pancreatic cancer at the age of 72. His two daughters, as well as Deneuve and Anna Maria Tatò, were by his side. The Trevi Fountain in Rome, associated with its role in Fellini’s La Dolce Vita, was symbolically turned off and covered in black as a tribute.